‘পড়ালেখা’ News

Balance Training

Balance: This is the ability to keep the body in equilibrium in either the static or dynamic positions. The inability to balance or to coordinate movement may be due to weak muscles as a result of inactivity or it may be due...

Bone Structure and Growth (Quick Review)

A. Bone is a living tissue that renews itself. B. Structure: Compact and Spongy i. Compact bone contains bone cells (osteocytes) in lacunae, which are tiny chambers arranged in concentric circles around Haversian canals. The canals contain blood vessels and nerves. ii....

Important Facts Regarding Taping

1) A clinician must always receive verbal consent from the patient prior to the application of the tape. 2) The patient may be asked the following questions in order to minimize the risk of skin irritation due to the tape: • Are...

Stretching

Good flexibility is known to bring positive benefits in the muscles and joints. It aids with injury prevention, helps to minimize muscle soreness, and improves efficiency in all physical activities. Increasing flexibility can also improve quality of life and functional independence. Good...

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE INSUFFICIENCY

In one joint muscle the movement may not be restricted by the proximal or distal joint motion. But it is not possible in the two or multi-joint muscles, the ROM may be changing depends on the proximal and distal joint movement. If...

KINEMATIC CHAIN

The movement of one joint may require the motion over the proximal and distal joints, and sometimes it may not be required. Two types of kinematic chains are present. 1. Closed kinematic chains (CKC) 2. Open kinematic chains (OKC) Closed Kinematic Chain...

GLENOHUMERAL RHYTHM OR SCAPULOHUMERAL RHYTHM

Scapulohumeral rhythm: This is the movement relationship between the glenohumeral joint & scapulothoracic articulation. The ratio of glenohumeral movement to scapulothoracic movement in abduction is 2:1 (Smith, Weiss, & Lehmkuhl, 1996). (Describes the timing of movement at these joints during shoulder elevation.)...